Caloocan, officially the City of Caloocan (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Caloocan IPA: [kalɔʔokan]), or simply known as Caloocan City, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 1,583,978 people making it the fourth-most populous city in the Philippines.
It is divided into two geographical locations with a total combined area of 5,333.40 hectares. It was formerly part of the Province of Rizal of the Philippines' Southern Luzon Region. The city's name is colloquially spelled as Kalookan. It comprises what is known as the CAMANAVA area along with cities Malabon, Navotas and Valenzuela.
The word caloocan comes from the Tagalog root word lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means "innermost area". South Caloocan is bordered by Manila, Quezon City, Malabon, Navotas and Valenzuela. North Caloocan shares its border with Quezon City, Valenzuela and Marilao, Meycauayan and San Jose del Monte in the province of Bulacan.
Originally, Caloocan was a lowland area located on the corner where the old town of Tondo and Tambobong meet. Caloocan became a municipality when it was separated from Tondo in 1815. Its original territory was extended to Marikina, San Mateo and Montalban to the east; Tinajeros, Tanza and Tala rivers to the north; San Francisco del Monte, Sampalok, Santa Cruz and Tondo in the south; and Dagat-dagatan and Aromahan to the west.
The city is historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan, the secret militant society that launched the Philippine Revolution during the Spanish occupation of the Philippines. In a house in Caloocan secret meetings were held by Andrés Bonifacio and his men, and it was in the city's perimeters where the first armed encounter took place between the Katipunan and the Spaniards. The revolution erupted after the Cry of Balintawak led by Andres Bonifacio
In 1901, during the formation of the province of Rizal, Caloocan was included in its matrix. Novaliches became part of Caloocan pursuant to Act 942, as amended by Act 984 and Act 1008 of the Philippine Commission, which was transferred in 1949 for the formation of Quezon City.
In 1961, after Republic Act No. 3278 was approved by the Philippine Congress and the plebiscite was conducted. Caloocan was officially inducted into cityhood on February 16, 1962
Caloocan once encompassed a much larger, contiguous area. The districts of Balintawak, La Loma and Novaliches were once part of Caloocan. Balintawak is a historic district because it was the original site of the "Cry of Pugad Lawin" (Unang Sigaw sa Balintawak) at a location called "Kang-kong" near Tandang Sora's house. Novaliches was an expansive sector with some hillsides that served as meeting places and hideouts for Andrés Bonifacio and the Katipunan.
By the 1920s there was a consolidation of several municipalities. Caloocan annexed the neighbouring town of Novaliches, as stated in the Act 942, as amended by Acts 984 and 1008 of the Philippine Commission, bringing its total area to about 15,000 hectares. It extended to the foothills of Marikina, San Mateo and Montalban in the east; Tinajeros, Tanza and Tala rivers in the north; San Francisco del Monte, Sampalok, Santa Cruz and Tondo in the south; and Dagat-Dagatan or Aromahan in the west.
When Quezon City was created in 1939, Caloocan ceded 1,500 hectares of land from the barrios or sitios of Balintawák, Balingasa, Kaingin, Kangkong, La Loma, Malamig, Matalahib, Masambong, Galas, San Isidro, San José, Santol and Tatalon. Instead of opposing the transfer, Caloocan residents willingly gave the land in the belief it will benefit the country's new capital city.
However, in 1949, Congress passed Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan-Quezon City boundary. The barrios of Baesa, Talipapâ, San Bartolomé, Pasong Tamó, Novaliches, Banlat, Kabuyao, Pugad Lawin, Bagbag, Pasong Putik, which once belonged to Novaliches and had an area of about 8,100 hectares, were excised from Caloocan. The remaining portion of the Novaliches is now called North Caloocan. This split Caloocan into two parts: a southern section that is more urbanised, and a northern section that became suburban-rural.
Caloocan is divided into two non-contiguous areas. Southern Caloocan lies directly north of the Manila and is bounded by Malabon and Valenzuela to the north and west, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east. Northern Caloocan is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila which most residents call Novaliches or Fairview; it lies east of Valenzuela, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte, Meycauayan and Marilao in the province of Bulacan. Caloocan's northern part is much larger than its southern half.
Caloocan is divided into 188 barangays. The city uses a hybrid system for its barangays. All barangays have their corresponding numbers but only a few — mostly in the northern part — have corresponding names. However, names of barrios and districts do not necessarily coincide with barangay perimeters. Barangays in southern Caloocan are smaller compared to their northern counterparts.
Among the cities in Metro Manila, only Manila, Pasay and Caloocan implement the so-called "Zone Systems". A zone is a group of barangays in a district. Although a zone is considered a subdivision in the local government units, the people do not elect a leader for the zone in a popular election similar to the normal barangay or local elections. The zoning system is merely for statistical purposes. Caloocan has 16 zones. The biggest zone in Caloocan is Zone 15 in District 1 (North Caloocan) directly west of the second biggest zone in Caloocan which is Zone 16.
Barangay Bagong Silang (176) is the most populous barangay in the entire country with a population of 246,515 people.
In 1957, the sitio of Bagbagin was separated from the barrio of Kaybiga and converted into a distinct barrio known as barrio Bagbagin.
In 1989, Republic Act 6714 called for reducing the seventy (70) barangays constituting the first congressional district of Caloocan City to only thirty (30) barangays. It was presumably defeated in the plebiscite that followed.
|Barangay 13||2||Poblacion (A. Mabini)|
|Barangay 15||2||Poblacion (A. Mabini)|
|Barangay 16||2||Poblacion (A. Mabini)|
|Barangay 17||2||Poblacion (A. Mabini)|
|Barangay 18||2||Poblacion (A. Mabini)|
|Barangay 19||2||Poblacion (A. Mabini)|
|Barangay 20||2||C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village|
|Barangay 21||2||C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village|
|Barangay 22||2||C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village|
|Barangay 23||2||C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village|
|Barangay 24||2||C-3 Road, Kaunlaran Village|
|Barangay 38||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 39||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 40||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 41||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 42||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 43||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 44||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 45||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 46||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 47||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 48||4||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 49||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 50||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 51||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 52||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 53||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 54||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 55||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 56||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 57||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 58||5||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 59||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 60||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 61||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 62||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 63||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 64||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 65||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 66||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 67||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 68||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 69||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 70||6||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 71||7||Grace Park West|
|Barangay 72||7||Victory Liner Compound|
|Barangay 73||7||PNR Compound|
|Barangay 74||7||Heroes Del 96|
|Barangay 75||7||Heroes Del 96|
|Barangay 77||7||Caimito Road|
|Barangay 79||7||Caimito Road|
|7||University Hills Subdivision (University of the East)|
|Barangay 81||8||Morning Breeze Subdivision|
|Barangay 82||8||Morning Breeze Subdivision|
|Barangay 83||8||Morning Breeze Subdivision|
|Barangay 84||8||Morning Breeze Subdivision (Manila Central University)|
|Barangay 85||8||Morning Breeze Subdivision|
|Barangay 86||8||Grace Park East, Calaanan Compound|
|Barangay 87||8||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 88||8||Grace Park East, Ever Gotesco Malls|
|Barangay 89||8||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 90||8||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 91||8||Grace Park East, Our Lady of Grace|
|Barangay 92||8||Grace Park East, Madre Ignacia|
|Barangay 93||8||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 94||9||Grace Park East, Biglang-Awa|
|Barangay 96||9||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 97||9||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 98||9||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 99||9||Dorotea Compound, Balintawak|
|Barangay 100||9||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 101||9||Grace Park East, Galino|
|Barangay 102||9||Grace Park East, 9th Avenue|
|Barangay 103||9||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 104||9||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 105||9||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 106||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 107||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 108||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 109||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 110||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 111||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 112||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 113||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 114||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 115||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 116||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 117||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 118||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 119||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 120||10||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 121||11||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 122||11||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 123||11||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 124||11||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 125||11||Grace Park East|
|Barangay 126||11||Barrio San Jose|
|Barangay 127||11||Barrio San Jose|
|Barangay 128||11||Barrio San Jose|
|Barangay 129||11||Barrio San Jose|
|Barangay 130||11||Barrio San Jose|
|Barangay 131||11||Barrio San Jose|
|Barangay 132||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 133||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 134||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 135||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 136||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 137||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 138||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 139||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 140||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 141||12||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 142||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 143||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 144||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 145||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 146||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 147||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 148||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 149||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 150||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 151||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 152||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 153||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 154||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 155||13||Bagong Barrio West|
|Barangay 156||14||Bagong Barrio East|
|Barangay 157||14||Bagong Barrio East|
|Barangay 158||14||Baesa, Eternal Gardens Memorial Park|
|Barangay 160||14||Libis Baesa|
|Barangay 161||14||Libis Reparo|
|Barangay 162||14||Santa Quiteria|
|Barangay 163||14||Santa Quiteria|
|Barangay 167||15||Llano (Llano Road, PLC Subdivision, Silanganan Subdivision, Sunriser Village, Sagrado Village, Dolmar Golden Hills Subdivision, Miranda Subdivision, Whispering Palms Subdivision)|
|Barangay 168||15||Deparo (Deparo Road, Teofilo Samson Road, Kabatuhan Street)|
|Barangay 169||15||BF Homes Caloocan (Estrella Homes, Santa Fe Homesite, BF Homes Caloocan Phase 1, and 2)|
|Barangay 170||15||Deparo 2 (Amparo Novaville, SM Homes, Cefels 2 Subdivision, Diamante Neighborhood, BF Homes Caloocan Phase 3)|
|Barangay 171||15||Bagumbong (Bagumbong Road, Bagumbong Dulo, Taas Street, Rainbow Village V, Kingstown, Princetown, Saranay Road, Nova Hills, Union Village, Senate Village Phase II, Bankers Village, Shelterville)|
|Barangay 172||15||Urduja Village, Merry Homes II, Zabarte|
|Barangay 173||15||Congress Village, Palmera Spring II, Senate Village Phase I, Hillcrest Village|
|Barangay 176||15||Bagong Silang (Phase 1–12, Langit Road, Barugo Street)|
|Barangay 177||15||Camarin (Cielito Homes, Capitol Parkland, Franville IV, Ma. Luisa Subd., Merryhomes)|
|Barangay 179||16||Amparo, (Amparo Subdivision, Dela Costa Homes II, Capitol Park Homes II, Sacred Heart Village, Roseville Subdivision)|
|Barangay 180||16||Tala (Miramonte Heights, Soldiers Hills III and Victory Heights Subdivision)|
|Barangay 181||16||Pangarap Village|
|Barangay 182||16||Pangarap Village|
|Barangay 183||16||Tala (Midway Park Subd., Mountain Heights Subd.)|
|Barangay 184||16||Tala (Bankers' Village II, Cefels Park III)|
|Barangay 185||16||Tala (Malaria)|
|Barangay 186||16||Tala (Barracks II, LD Village, Admin Site)|
|Barangay 187||16||Tala (Barrio San Lazaro, Barrio San Jose, Barrio Santo Niño, Barrio San Roque, Santo Cristo)|
|Barangay 188||16||Tala (Phase 12, Riverside, San Isidro, Concepcion, Santa Rita)|
|Population census of Caloocan|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
As of 2015, the city has a population of 1,583,978 people, which makes it the fourth largest city in the Philippines in population. Under the same census year, Caloocan South (Barangays 1 to 164) has a population of 585,091 and Caloocan North (Barangays 165 to 188) has a population of 998,887. If the two districts are treated as separate cities, they will still be among the largest in country for the 2015 census year - ranking as the 4th and 17th with the highest population.
The population density of Caloocan (28,387 persons per square kilometer) surpasses that of the NCR population density.
Of the country's 238 legislative districts (LDs), the First LD of Caloocan was the biggest in terms of population size, with 1.19 million persons.
Like many other places in the country, Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion. There is a significant presence of Iglesia ni Cristo and other Protestant churches like Church of God Caloocan located at Baesa, Caloocan City.
Caloocan's 10th Avenue area is well known for the clusters of motorcycle dealers and motorcycle spare parts dealers. Among the major and famous streets are P. Zamora Street and A. Mabini Street.
The city also has a number of shopping malls and stand-alone supermarkets and hypermarkets including the former Ever Gotesco Grand Central (and future SM City Grand Central), Puregold Maypajo, Monumento and Caloocan, Victory Central Mall, Puregold Monumento, Araneta Square, Uniwide Warehouse Club Monumento, SM Hypermarket Monumento, and SM Center Sangandaan which are in Monumento area in the south. In the north, there are two shopping malls serving the residents of Bagong Silang and Camarin, namely, Zabarte Town Center, Holiday Island Mall and Metroplaza Mall. Savemore Market have three branches which are located in Kiko Camarin in Barangay 178 (Kiko Camarin), Zabarte inside Zabarte Town Center, Kaybiga and Primark Deparo. Puregold Price Club also opened three branches in North Caloocan which are located in Zabarte, Bagong Silang and Deparo. In 2017, Primark Town Center Deparo started to serve the residents of Deparo and the nearby barangays of Bagumbong and Llano.
Manila North Tollways Corporation (the concession holder of the North Luzon Expressway), is headquartered in Caloocan. The North Luzon Expressway, through Segment 10.1 also traverses through Caloocan from the right-of-way of the Philippine National Railways.
List of Mayors and Vice Mayors
|Municipality of Caloocan, Province of Rizal|
|Period of Tenure||Mayor||Vice Mayor|
|1946–1951||Jesus Basa||Anacleto Bustamante (1950–1954)|
|1952–1962||Macario Asistio, Sr||Mateo Lualhati (1962–1963)|
|City of Caloocan, Province of Rizal|
|1962–1971||Macario Asistio, Sr.||Alejandro Fider (1964–1971)|
|1972–1976||Marcial Samson||Isagani Arcadio|
|City of Caloocan, Metropolitan Manila|
|1980–1986||Macario Asistio, Jr.||Macario "Mac" Floro Ramirez Sr.|
|1986||Virgilio Robles||Vicente Del Mundo|
|1986–1987||Antonio Martinez||Vicente del Mundo|
|1987–1988||Crisipulo San Gabriel||Lina Aurelio|
|1988–1995||Macario Asistio, Jr.||Celestino Rosca|
|1995–1998||Rey Malonzo||Nancy Quimpo|
|2013–2022||Oscar Malapitan||Macario Asistio III|
The Line 1 has a terminal at Monumento that passes through the city's 5th Avenue LRT Station. The railway traverses Rizal Avenue Extension and enters the City of Manila and Pasay City. The stretch can be traveled in about 30 minutes. Philippine National Railways also has a line, with its terminal at Samson Road, and passes through Caloocan railway station, 10th Avenue railway station, and 5th Avenue railway station. The currently under construction Line 7 had also proposed two stations located at the northern part of Caloocan that will be passing at Sacred Heart and Tala.
The city has an extensive network of roads, the most prominent being Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, which begins in the Monumento area. The North Luzon Expressway's Operations and Maintenance Center and the motorway's Balintawak Toll Barrier are in Caloocan.
The city's most celebrated landmark is the monument to the revolutionary Andrés Bonifacio, which stands on a roundabout at the northern terminus of EDSA. The memorial was erected in 1933, and consists of an obelisk with sculptures by National Artist Guillermo Tolentino. The monument marks the very first battle of the Philippine Revolution on 3 August 1896.
Recent renovations have been made on the environs of the monument, including the Bonifacio Circle, its former site, and the Caloocan stretch of EDSA, which is 100 metres away from the landmark. The whole area is known as 'Monumento'.
South City hall stands in a rectangular lot bordered by 8th and 9th Streets and 8th and 9th Avenues in the southern part of the city. The second old south city hall stands today at A. Mabini Street across from San Roque Parish Cathedral. There is also the North City hall serving the northern part of the city. The city's District Office of the Bureau of Internal Revenue is along EDSA.
The Caloocan City Police Station is under the parent agency National Capital Region Police Office's Northern Police District of the Philippine National Police.
The whole Caloocan City police force was recently sacked after a series of crimes, including killings and robberies, were committed by its members. However, instead of dismissing the erring police officers, they were scheduled to be retrained by Former PNP Chief and now Senator Ronald dela Rosa.
The city's one public university is the University of Caloocan City (formerly Caloocan City Community College in 1971 and Caloocan City Polytechnic College in 1975). Other educational institutions offering tertiary education include University of the East Caloocan, Manila Central University, La Consolacion College-Caloocan, and La Consolacion College-Novaliches, among others.
There are also several public and private schools catering to K12 such as Caloocan National Science and Technology High School (North Caloocan's first-ever science and technology high school; its students are admitted if they pass a competitive examination), Caloocan City Science High School, Caloocan City Business High School, Caloocan High School, Amparo High School, Maria Clara High School, Notre Dame of Greater Manila, Philippine Cultural College (Annex), Holy Infant Montessori Center, Northern Rizal Yorklin School, St. Mary's Academy of Caloocan City, Bagumbong High School (Main and Annex), Camarin High School, Tala High School, Manuel Luis Quezon High School, Sampaguita High School, Cielito Zamora High School, Bagong Silang High School, National Housing Corporation High School (NHC HS), Genesis Christian Academy of Caloocan, Kalayaan National High School, Deparo High School, Escuela de Sophia of Caloocan, Inc., Guardian Angel School, Saint Benedict School of Novaliches, Saint Dominic Savio School of Caloocan City, , Immaculada Concepcion College, Systems Plus Computer College, St. Gabriel Academy, Asian Institute of Computer Studies – Caloocan, St. Clare College of Caloocan, Mystical Rose School of Caloocan, Holy Angel School of Caloocan Inc., St. Agnes Academy of Caloocan Inc., St. Therese of Rose School, Young Achievers School of Caloocan, St. Joseph College of Novaliches, St. Raphaela Mary School of Caloocan, Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School, Maranatha Christian Academy of Caloocan (Camarin), Kasarinlan High School, Kasarinlan Elementary School, Grace Park Elementary School, Maypajo Elementary School, Sampalukan Elementary School, Libis Talisay Elementary School, Kaunlaran Elementary School, Lerma Elementary School, Pag-Asa Elementary School, Camarin Elementary School and the two campuses of La Consolacion College (one is in Novaliches in the northern part and the other is on the southern part, near city hall).
There is a campus of Access Computer College, AMA Computer College Campus, a degree-awarding tertiary educational institution and STI Academic Center Caloocan at the Samson Road Road corner Caimito Road in front of UE Caloocan.
Twin towns – sister cities
A century-old Taoist temple, near Line 1 5th Avenue Station.
Vicariate of Our Lady of Grace, Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Grace, Roman Catholic Diocese of Kalookan
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